New Study Paper by EFSAS - Divisions of Jammu & Kashmir
The inhabitants of the State of Jammu & Kashmir are ‘politically disparate’ having essentially diverse and often varying political leanings and loyalties. The erstwhile Princely State consisting of different geographical units, Kashmir Valley, Jammu, Ladakh, Gilgit Baltistan and (now) Pakistan Administered Jammu & Kashmir, which all can be categorized based on culture, religion, language and ethnicity; such diversity has its impact on the political lookout of its inhabitants that leads to political divisions. Though the concept of distinct Kashmiri political identity evolved in the 1930’s with the rise of a movement against the Dogra rule in 1931, but took a violent turn in 1989. Supporters of the insurgency claimed it to be a rather passive ‘struggle’ for greater political rights but it soon became apparent that the struggle was based on communal lines and in essence, was terrorism, supported by the Islamic Republic of Pakistan.