Speech of Dr. Vandamme during EFSAS Seminar at the VU University
Dr. Dorothée Vandamme, Research Associate at the University of Louvain, Centre for the Study of Crises and International Conflicts, Research Fellow at the Genesys Network and EFSAS, examined the ongoing radicalization of young people in Pakistan. She claimed that radicalization processes should be divided into three sub-categories based on the factors, which attract individuals. These are micro, meso and macro factors. Micro factors refer to individual grievances, such as personal victimization, perceived injustice, poverty, unemployment, discrimination and marginalization. Meso factors relate to the wider social environment and aspects affecting the community identity; thus, people could join a radical group as a response to family and peer pressure. Finally, according to her, macro factors refer to states or governments involvement.