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EFSAS Article: Women’s Economic Empowerment in South Asia


Conceptually, labor market participation for women and men depends upon a combination of individual and household factors, matched with job characteristics and demands, and facilitated by economic and social infrastructure (United Nations ESCAP, 2016). Whilst common factors commonly help determine the labor participation for both genders, a vaster quantity of restrictive factors govern the manner in which women can participate in their economies. Patriarchal and conservative social structures, in addition to legal and regulatory obstacles, are particularly relevant for explaining and understanding women’s economic participation in South Asia.