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EFSAS Study Paper: The 2024 elections and the limits of Hindu nationalism


On the back of their extensive public support, Modi and the BJP repeated their impressive electoral feat in the 2019 Lok Sabha elections by gaining a supermajority, consolidating the BJP’s position in power. In the 2019 elections, the BJP alone registered a total of 300 seats, with the INC registering just over 50 seats. BJP performance was particularly strong in the states such Bihar and Uttar Pradesh. INC and smaller, regional parties, in contrast, provided a stronger (but weakened) performance in southern India. In comparison to the 2014 elections, the BJP particularly gained support in India’s north-eastern region and in south-eastern constituencies.